How Alcohol Affects the Body ? – What is alcohol abuse?
Alcohol is formed when yeast ferments (breaks down without oxygen) the sugars in different food. For example, wine is made from the sugar in grapes, beer from the sugar in malted barley (a type of grain), cider from the sugar in apples, vodka from the sugar in potatoes, beets or other plants.
How is alcohol made?
To make alcohol, you need to put grains, fruits or vegetables through a process called fermentation (when yeast or bacteria react with the sugars in food – the by-products are ethanol and carbon dioxide).
How Alcohol Affects the Body? – Alcohol Health
Negative Effects on the Circulatory System
The size of the peg doesn’t matter. Alcohol finds its way into your blood stream, reaches out to all the organs of your body and gets absorbed. Only a tiny bit of it is thrown out of the body through your excretory system. And what remains in the body increases your blood pressure, increases your chances of getting a stroke, a heart attack or a heart failure. The beating of the heart becomes irregular and the cardiac muscles get poisoned as well.
Negative Effects on the Digestive System
Heavy drinking over a period of time causes ulcers in the stomach and esophagus which lead to cancer. Cancer of the colon, throat, mouth, stomach and esophagus are becoming quite common among heavy drinkers. You might start bleeding internally in a fatal way if you’re in the clasp of this habit. Gum diseases, tooth loss, hyperacidity, gastritis, diarrhea, cirrhosis, malnutrition are some of the other ailments that you might suffer due to alcoholism.
Women are at a higher risk of irreversibly damaging their bodies due to alcoholism than men. It also shrinks the frontal lobes of the brain which can never do you any good. With this habit, you are risking yourself to osteoporosis and muscular atrophy. Gradually, your immune system becomes weak which in turn makes you more susceptible to getting attacked by life threatening germs and viruses. By lowering the number of red blood cells in your body, alcoholism also gives rise to anemia.